Sådan handler du med valuta

Sådan handler du med valuta

 

Der er mange personer, der leder efter den gyldne opskrift til succes og mange styrer hurtigt uden om alt der hedder aktiehandel og valutahandel fordi det umiddelbart lyder svært. Men det er faktisk ikke svært at handle med valuta på Forex markedet og det bør det slet ikke være efter at du har læst denne artikel med grundlæggende information, der kan klæde dig på til FX-handel.

 

Handel med valuta

 

Du kender forbinder måske ordet Forex med vekselkontorerne fra Forex Bank (som engang hed Forex Valuta), som kan være billigere at benytte til at veksle end bankerne.Men faktisk betyder det at ”trade forex” at handle valutaer, som i bund og grund er at spekulere i en given valuta.

 

Dette betyder at folk vælger at investere i en valuta, hvis de mener at den givne valuta vil stige i værdi. Derved kan de tjene penge på at sælge valutaen til et højere beløb, når den er steget. Denne form for handel bliver kaldt for Forex-handel på dansk og det kan også forkortes til FX-handel.

 

Du kan fx vælge USD/EUR valutakrydset, hvor du antager at EUR vil stige inden for kortere eller længere tid. I dette tilfælde vil du skabe en profit, hvis EUR ender med at stige. Men du kan også ende med et tab, hvis det er kursen på USD, der ender med at stige. Derfor er der altid risiko forbundet med valutahandel og den risiko vil altid eksistere.

 

Sådan handler du med valuta

 

Hvis du ønsker at kaste dig ud i FX-handel, så skal du handle på The Foreign Exchange Market, som er Forex-markedet. Her spekulerer banker, investorer, regeringer, virksomhed samt private mæglere i valutaernes værdi.

 

FX-markedet er eftersigende et af verdens største likvide markeder og der er ca. en daglig omsætning på tæt på 3,98 billioner dollars på markedet. Dette skyldes blandt andet muligheden for at handle hele døgnet rundt mandag til fredag i nogle af de største handelscentre i verden, som ligger i storbyer som Frankfurt, New York, Tokyo, Singapore og Sydney.

 

Findes er et centralt FX-markedet?

 

Nej, der findes ikke et centralt FX-markedet. Ligesom det gælder med aktiehandel, så er der ingen central markedsplads til at handle valuta. Produktet bliver i stedet tilbudt af de fleste banker over hele verden og der findes også online platforme til forex trading.

 

Hvornår startede det internationale FX-marked?

 

The Foreign Exchange Market opstod tilbage i 1876 da guldudvekslingsstandard blev til et fænomen. Her er der tale om en aftale om at solidt guld skulle understøtte al form for valuta og denne plan kom til verden, så de forskellige valutaer på verdensplan kunne blive stabiliseret ved at blive tilknyttet til prisen på guld.

 

Denne plan fungerede på papiret, men den fik ikke den ønskede effekt. I stedet kom der et ”boom”, som førte til at guldstandarden, som ellers blev brugt på verdensplan til blandt andet handel, blev udryddet.

 

Dette var starten på det samfund, som vi kender den dag i dag og i begyndelsen af 2. Verdenskrig blev guldstandarden for alvor set bort fra. Det skete da de største europæiske lande ikke havde nok guld til at kunne understøtte deres printede valuta, som de havde producere til at understøtte fx militære projekter. Guldet mistede dog ikke den status, som den også har i dag, som den ultimative form for værdi i pengemæssig regi.

 

Sådan handler du med valuta

 

Hvad er ”Bretton Woods-systemet”?

 

Dette førte til at størstedelen af verden besluttede at deres faste valutakurser skulle tage udgangspunkt i den amerikanske dollar i ”Bretton Woods-systemet”, som blev etableret i 1944.  Her er den amerikanske dollar den primære valutareserve og den eneste valuta, der skulle understøttes af solidt guld.

 

Systemet varede ind til 1971 hvor USA deklarerede at nationen ikke længere ønskede at veksle guld til amerikanske dollars, der skulle opbevares i udenlandske valutareserver. Derfor lukkede Bretton Woods-systemet ned kort efter og fra 1976 opstod der en global accept af flyydende og varierende valutakurser.

 

Derfor siges det i dag at det nuværende The Foreign Exchange Market startede i 1976, selv om at der først blev handlet med valuta på elektronisk vis i midten af halvfemserne.

 

Tålmodighed er nøglen

 

På engelsk siger de ”patience is key” og det passer fint på FX-handel. Hvis du er tålmodig og disciplineret, så kan du godt blive dygtig til at handle med valuta. Det vil sige at alle og en hver har mulighed for at blive god til valutahandel. Det kræver ikke nødvendigvis en stærk finansmæssig baggrund eller erfaring med investeringer, hvis du ligesom mange andre ønsker at handle med valuta. Hvis du bliver dygtig til det, så kan du ligesom mange andre nyde alle de gode forudsætninger, der er for at kan skabe en stor profit på FX-handel.

 

 Hvad er en ECN-mægler?

 

ECN er forkortelsen af Elektronisk Kommunikationsnetværk, som i denne sammenhæng henviser til sociale websteder. Spekulanterne byder på hinandens handler og dermed får de en yderst social handelsoplevelse.

 

Er en ECN-mægler en person?

 

Nej. Når folk hører ordet ”mægler” forbinder de det med en ejendomsmægler og derfor tror folk ofte at en ECN-mægler en person, men det er forkert. En ECN-mægler et som sagt det netværk hvor handlerne placeres. Derfor bliver det tit kaldt for en platform eller et system.

 

Dealing Desk og No Dealing Desk

 

Der findes forskellige former for Forex mæglertyper og de ECN-mærkede er blandt markedets bedste. Der findes blandt andet mæglertyperne ”Dealing Desk” (DD) og ”No Dealing Desk” (NDD).

 

”Dealing Desk” mæglertypen bliver også kaldt for enten ”market maker” eller blot DD” og her er der tale om en platform eller et system, som giver mulighed for at gå over eller under markedsværdien. I dette system er mægleren placeret på den modsatte side af spekulanten og derfor undgår han/hun at handle direkte på interbankmarkedet, der skaber en profit via de differencer, som der bliver foretaget på den anden side af spekulantens investering.

 

Modsat set findes der også ”market maker”, som tilbyder hundrede procent fri adgang til interbankmarkedet. I dette tilfælde vil du som spekulant undgå pristilbud og eventuelle begrænsningerne. Dog skal du være opmærksom på at der er tale om meget lave differencer og derfor er kommissionen ret volatil.

 

Straight Through Processing mægler

 

Der findes også en Straight Through Processing mægler (STP), som er en bestemt platform hvor transaktionen hurtigt bliver gennemført via et computersystem. I forbindelse med en STP-mægler er der ingen menneskelig indblanding eller tilknyttelse til nogen form for institution på interbankmarkedet.

 

Multilateral Trading Facilities

 

Den sidste form for mægler hedder ”Multilateral Trading Facilities” og denne form for MTT-mæglere er uregulerede. ”Trust is the key” og nøglen er tillid er de to bedste udtryk, der beskriver at gensidig tillid mest af alt styrer den primære regulerende enhed. Dette skyldes at MTT-mæglere ikke er regulerede og at købere og sælgere er del af et stort fællesskab.

 

Dette er en af de mest populære former for ECN-mæglere, da spekulanten altid bliver garanteret både effektivitet og værdi samt at de finansielle transaktioner hurtigt bliver gennemført.

 

Hvor kommer ECN-priserne fra?

 

ECN-mæglere kommunikerer priser fra adskillige markedsdeltagere som fx banker og markedsmæglere. Den information hjælper med at skræddersy de bedste bud, som derefter bliver offentliggjort på handelsplatformene. Her tjener ECN-mæglerne som modparter til Forex-handler, men i stedet for at operere på prisfastsættelse, så handler de mere på afvikling.

 

Hvordan tjener ECN-mæglere penge?

 

Disse elekroniske netværk tjener sine penge ved at opkræve kunderne en fast provision hver gang, der er en transaktion, der bliver gennemført. Risici for prismanipulation bliver reduceret for detailhandlere i og med at de autentiske ECN’er ikke spiller nogen form for rolle, når det kommer til prissættelse.

 

Fordele ved at handle med EDC-mæglere

 

Der er mange fordele ved at handle med EDC-mæglere og den største fordel er at der typisk er tale om en platform, som leveres med gratis information i form af grafik og nyheder. Den hårde konkurrence i sektoren gør også at virksomheden bag EDC-platformene/systemerne bliver tvunget til at levere et utroligt brugervenligt projekt og ECN- mæglerne vil normalt ikke handle imod dig, da de sender dine ordre videre til en bank eller en anden handlende, som sidder i den anden ende af transaktionen.

 

Sidst, men ikke mindst, så kan du også ofte modtage et bedre bud fordi informationen stammer fra flere forskellige kilder og du får mulighed for at handle på priser med dårlig eller ingen spredning på specifikke tidspunkter.

 

Sådan handler du med valuta

 

Hvilken forbindelse er der med Bitcoins?

 

Vi kunne umiddelbart ikke finde en forbindelse med Bitcoins og ECN-mæglere. Verdens mest populære kryptovaluta bitcoin dykkede med 80 procent i 2018og flere forventer at den elektroniske valuta vil blive ved med at falde.

 

Etherum er en af de kryptovaluta, som oftest bliver nævnt som alternativ til bitcoin. Men lige meget om du vælger at handle med kryptovaluta eller med ECN-mæglere, så handler det om at have is i maven. Der findes succeshistorier som Niklas Nikolajsen, som blev milliardær efter at han havde investeret 150 amerikanske dollars i bitcoins, før den digitale valuta lige pludselig voksede i raketfart. Så vores bedste råd til dig er simpelthen at du sætter dig ind i tingene før du vælger at handle med traditionel valuta eller digital valuta.

 

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